Nepal – India Peace And Friendship Treaty 31 July 1950
Posted by Ram Kumar Shrestha on January 28, 2011
The Government of India and the Government of Nepal recognizing the ancient ties which have happily eisted between the two countries for cenuries.
Desiring still furthere to strengthen and develop these ties and to perpetuate peace between two countries.
Have resolved therefore to enter into a treaty of peace and friendship with each other, and have for this purpose, appointed as their plenipotentiaries the following persons, namely, the Government of India, His Excellency Shri Chandreshwar Prasad Narain Singh, Ambassador of India in Nepal; The government of Nepal, Mohun Shamsher, Jang Bahadur Rana, Maharaja, Prim Minister and Supreme Commander-in-Chief of Nepal, who having examined each other’s credentials and found them good and in due form having agreed as follows:
There shall be everlasting peace and friendship between the Government of India and the Government of Nepal. The two Government agrees mutually to acknowledge and respect the complete sovereignty, territorial integrity and independence of each other.
The two Governments hereby undertake to inform each other of any serious friction or misunderstanding with any neighbouring State likely to cause any breach in the friendly relations subsisting between the two Governments.
In order to establish and maintain the relations referred to in Article I the two Governments agree to continue diplomatic relations with each other by means of representatives with such staff as is necessary for the due performance of their functions. The representatives and such of these staff as may be agreed upon shall enjoy such diplomatic privileges and immunities as are customarily granted by international law of a reciprocal basis, provide that in no case shall these be less than those granted to persons of a similar status of any State having diplomatic relations with either Government.
The two Government agree to appoint Consul-Generals, Consuls , Vice Consuls and other consular agents, who shall reside in towns, ports and other places in each other’s territory as may be agreed to Consul-Generals, Consul, Vice-Consuls and consular agents shall be provided with exequators or authorization of their appointment. Such exequator or authorization is liable to be withdrawn which issued to , if considered necessary. The reason for the withdrawal shall be indicated wherever possible.
The persons mentioned above shall enjoy on a reciprocal basis all the rights, privileges, exemptions and immunities that are accorded to persons of corresponding status of any other state.
The Government of Nepal shall be free to import, from or through the territory of India, arms, ammunitions or warlike materials and equipment necessary for this arrangement shall be worked out by the two Governments acting in consultation.
Each Government undertakes, in token of the neighborly friendship between India and Nepal, to give to the nationals of the other, in its territory, national treatment with regard to participation in industrial and economic development of such territory and to the grant of concessions and contracts relating to such development.
The Government of India and Nepal agree to grant, on reciprocal basis , to the nationals of one country in the territories of the other the same privileges in the matter of residence, ownership of property, participation in trade and commerce, movement and privileges of a similar nature.
So far as matter dealt with herein are concerned, the Treaty cancels all previous treaties, agreements, and engagements entered into on behalf of India between the British Government and the Government of Nepal.
This treaty shall come into force from the date of signature by both Governments.
The Treaty shall remain in force until it is terminated by either party by giving one year’s notice.
Done in duplicate in Kathmandu this 31st day of July 1950
Chandreshwar Prasad Narain Singh
For The Government Of India
Mohan Shamsher Jang Bhahadur Rana
For The Government Of Nepal