The Untold Pains of Nepal
Posted by completenepal on February 9, 2010
By Dr. Shastra Pant
1.Both India and Nepal are independent and sovereign countries. The unique relationship between these two countries is based not only on a diplomatic and political level but also on the level of common people.
The geographical proximity holds a unique significance as Nepal lies on the southern slope of the Himalayas and all the rivers from Nepal flow towards India. Thus, it is customary to have more transactions in industry and trade sectors because of geographical structure.
2.India is Nepal’s closer neighboring friend. Nepal is one of the most beautiful nations located on the southern sunny lap of the Himalayas, stretching from east to west. It is sandwiched between the Tibetan autonomous region of the People’s Republic China in the north and the Republic of India in the south, east and west. Nepal is only the Hindu kingdom in the world having equal respect to all religions, traditions and cultures.
3.Though India is a good friend, Nepal feels dominated in several issues. The issues in brief are stated below. The issues that Nepalis are facing are untold stories of Nepal that any government in power does not venture to express to the fellow friends of the world. Even NGOs, Journalists, Civil Societies and communities Development Organizations do not dare to express openly and freely due to many reasons. When Nepal is in a weak and fragile state it is exploited ruthlessly. For example when Nepal in these days is in a movocratic rules, extreme conflicts and terrorisms a road is being constructed by Indian BSF in Nepali territory in the Susta area in central Nepal. So were grabbed Nepal’s water resources and many other things during critical political and administrative situations.
The peace and amity treaty of 1950 proposes an open borders system between two countries. Because of the open border, the citizen travels from one country to another without visa, and without any record in spite of the problems created by the open border; India is not ready to resolve it. India is willing to continue open border even at the cost of its loss. It is India’s vested and vile interest.
The open border has resulted in various problems. Social evils are enlarging day by day. Let me trace some of them in brief.
Nepal has been the centre for various kinds of Indian criminals (smugglers, embezzlers and dacoits), who frequently break law and order by creating turmoil. Them taking shelter in border area intensifies theft, robbery, killing, and looting in Nepal. Such criminal activities cause harm to every national and local election and thus weakening democratic practices in Nepal. The BSF gives security to the criminals, who freely carry out their activities and give trouble to Nepalis. The month long mass rape in several VDCs, including Biratnagar Municipality, in 2005 can be taken as a glaring example. When internal terrorism is high the same ratio is covered by the Indian criminals of all types.
Since BSF built the border road, the border area has turned into the dwelling place for Indian criminals, who freely enter Nepal and create havoc by looting and killing. Therefore, Nepalis don’t want to live near the border areas. The land thus becomes easy to encroach. Indian citizens, taking advantage of security forces, are involved in border encroachment, construction of houses in the No Man’s Land and agricultural activities. 1
Indians steal domestic animals, smuggle timber and wild animals, rob personal property, and misbehave Nepali women. These criminals do get indirect support from the Indian officials.
Open border has been one of main causes of the destruction of forest, firewood, and the smuggling of natural resources such as timber, herbs, rare animal, and birds.
In India, in every five minutes a female is tortured, kidnapped, or raped. In every four minutes, a female is burnt to death. Such criminal activities have grown by 37 percent. However, the concerned authorities show apathy in these cases.2 Every year, 3 to 5 thousands lives are killed, including the known and unknown. Moreover, Indian criminals commit murder in India and throw the dead bodies into Nepal’s territory.3
Many Indian frauds come to Nepal and cheat people with the temptation of changing brass into gold and a hundred rupee note into thousand and much more. Fake Indian doctors, Indian teachers with fake certificates, the jyotishis (fortune tellers) cheat simple and ordinary honest Nepali every day.
Nepali youth with the temptation of sending them to America are cheated and looted.4 Indian on the name of films, trickster, conjuror, fortuneteller and saints frequently cheat Nepali. Fake Indian Finance Companies5 cheat people. Indians engaging in the collection of waste materials promote theft.
Smuggling of drugs, weapons, counterfeit currency, trafficking of children and women are rampant. Indian smugglers are more equipped and stronger than police force. Thus, rascals, smugglers and criminals control over border areas.6
Because of open border, thousands of Nepalis young children are sold in different brothels and circuses of India for prostitution and child abuses.
Nepal has become the centre of large number of lower middle class Indian smugglers after 1990. They help produce Hemp in Nepal. Drug smuggling has deprived the character of some Nepalese Youths.
While importing and exporting goods from third countries, Nepali businessmen suffer from the frequent attack of Indian robbers. Black marketing also occurs in a higher level.7 Goods disappear without a slight break on the seal of the container or the keys. The theft is committed so aptly that by doing cutting welding and painting so that the goods owner can’t claim insurance companies. Resultantly, Nepalis businessmen have to bear the loss of millions of rupees, and thus become bankrupt
It is estimated that 35, 00,000 Indians do job permanently, and 10 to 15 lakh seasonal labours enter every year. They are involved in the activities like smuggling, adulteration, production of low quality goods, theft, cheat, sale of contaminated foods and other useless materials.
Indians mix sand with cement, stones with rice, inedible materials with ripening fruits, sell venomous vegetables, curd, milk, and butter and put ISI mark on unqualitative hardware materials. Adulterate tobacco items and wine, poisonous mustard oil, causing jaundice, goitre, and effects on kidney and lungs.8 The unequal treaty of June 10, 1990 between India and Nepal allowed Indians vehicles to come to Nepal freely, whereas restricted Nepali vehicles, and thus resulting black marketing. Supplies of low quality goods including medicines, pesticides fertilizer have caused great harm to agricultural products. Thus, people’s lives are at high risk because of adulteration.
The rejected venomous oil, mixed with agrimona causing dropsy in India was allowed to sell in Nepal. Similarly Paper Money / Cash Smuggling and Counterfeit Currency in Nepal are common business by Indians. They print and sale the fake note of hard foreign currency.9 Nepal has become secured place for the smugglers to label and export Indian banned products into third countries. India has more than 100,000 institutions from primary to university level to make fake academic certificates. More than 100 people enter Nepal every day illegally for those fake actions.10
India produces illegal weapons and exports in Nepal easily.11 Maoist could flourish due to this reason. The smuggler, supply home made and sophisticated arms, explosives as well.12
Some of the hired hoodlums, especially from Bihar and Utter Pradesh of India, make frequent explosion in Nepal.13 They bomb14/ capture booths in the general elections and damage public properties in time of bandh, strike or strife.
Therefore, Nepal prefers settlement on border problems as was done with China. As in accordance with the agreement, similar treaty can be made with India. India even does not like to talk about this issue.
2.Emcroachments In one way or other, the problem of border encroachment lies on almost all the places that are linked with India. However, so far the encroachments are noted in 85 places in 21 districts.
The Indian side has uninterruptedly conducted the activities like moving or breaking the pillars, smashing, ruining, transgressing and encroaching in settlements.
Border pillar is the guard of national integrity, evidence of frontier. If the inanimate evidence based on truth is destroyed by deceitful living being, there enters injustice, immorality, wrong principle of the primitive age that “might is right”. This theory goes against and has been used against the meaning of the words like individual freedom, human right, democracy, liberalism, globalisation, liberty and so on.
Border pillars are constructed in the presence of both countries but are destroyed unilaterally and secretly. Rather, rivers change their courses occasionally and create problems, but pillars are the signs that are free from all these troubles. No change of such signs could be made unilaterally.
Besides, encroachments of the No-Man’s Land by the Indian side have been intensified in different places these days. The Indian armed police involve to removing the concrete structures built in the No-Man’s Land. The border has been encroached through tacit understanding between the Indian officials and police personnel. The civil officials have also provided security to them. The Indian Government has built a consulate and a customs office in the No Man’s Land. India erects overnight artificial pillars, bent on creating the third No-Man’s Land in several places inside Nepal. One who goes there for study may find himself in confusion.
Such incidents occur more in the remote places of which the common people remain uniformed. Signs erase when no news comes for years. This is such a burning example of India’s vile tendency. The border pillars are moved, removed, changed, and uprooted. Many pillars are destroyed without leaving any traces of them15 e.g. Indians have relocated the border pillars 3.5 km north of the Indian Territory into Nepal at Susta. The Indian border security forces also remove the border pillar No. 33 from the Sirsiya. The joint team has already met 25 times‚ but the encroachments remain as it is.
A decision made on July 6‚ 1966 to avert border encroachment by making settlement free zone up to three kilometer on both sides of the border, India is ignoring. If the things as they stand now continue to exist‚ there will be no meaning of erecting and updating border pillars in the days to come.
The large and long rivers like Koshi, Gandaki, Karnali, Mahakali, which come from the Himalayans, are logged by the central government of India and protects its property, people, land, and settlements in its territory by making afflux bund from the both corners of river. Because of the afflux bund constructed without consulting Nepal on the Indian side, Nepalis areas are water logged and flooded. Millions of property is ravaged. If India does not construct afflux bunds, the water can flow freely in natural form and Nepal does not have to become flood-affected area.
The second types of rivers emerging from the Mahabharat Mountains of Nepal enter India passing through the Terai region of Nepal piercing Chure hills are dammed by the state governments of India. They tamed for irrigation by constructing dams near the border of Nepal on the side of India.
The third types of rivers originating from the Chure hills having sufficient water during monsoon are taped by the local /district committee, Gaun Panchayast, consumers of India. This has assisted in swamping Nepal and irrigating India.
The wave of the river not only erodes the both edges of the river but also floods and swamps Nepali lands. The river erosion, for example, the dam of Bagmati alone affects 37 VDC/Municipalities. So are the hundred of cases in the southern bordering areas.
Water logging turns all the settlement areas and agricultural lands into sandy bank. People are forced to lead a life of refugee, losing their homes and villages. Many people and domestic animals die, and food grains become useless. Because of the water loggings approximately parallel to the borders, the river’s water turns into pool and the pool further erodes Nepali land. The river ascends more and more, and that area becomes swamped. Thousands of hectares of crops are under water. It becomes difficult to cross the river. It also swamps houses and farming lands. The Nepalis people living in the border area spend miserable life during monsoon.
4.Greater Nepal The Nepali territory prior to the Sugauli Treaty (called the border problem of greater Nepal) had to be returned to Nepal. Because of the Sugauli Treaty of 1815/16, Nepal had to condense its larger territory to a smaller one. It was extended up to Tista River on the East, to Kangara across Sutlej River in the west, to the confluence of Ganga and Jumuna River in the south, touching the present day Bangladesh in the east.
The area of the Bishal Nepal is reduced from 2, 04,917 to 1, 47,141 square kilometer. India yet has to return 57,776 sq. km. to Nepal after 1950 treaty of friendship.
Nepal contributed a lot in the World Wars to make the English an empire. However, the British constantly betrayed Nepali people. They sliced a greater part of Nepal and annexed it in India. They also insincerely and treacherously departed without returning Nepali land to Nepal. The Sugauli Treaty of the time of the British is the only base for determining border which the 1950 treaties with India and Britain cancels all prior agreements including Sugauly Treaty. It means Nepal has right to occupy all areas before Sugauli treaty. It is not a begging but a legal right, if an understanding is made between the three countries, the real Nepal before Sugauli Treaty, is the real Nepal. As soon India knew the practices of Four Finger Theory.16, it absorbed Sikkim against the norms and values of treaty, agreement, Act, morality and good neighborhood.
Hence, it is necessary to reanalyze and interpret the Sugauli Treaty of 1815 ratified in 1816 and 1950’s Amity Treaty to get lost territory back from the grip of India.
India as in the case of Kalapani to these days absorbed the Bagdogra – Galgalia lying between Nepal and Bangladesh by deploying its troop, fearing that Nepal will take back.
Nepali Congress Government rejected Ghising’s proposal of greater Gurkha Empire, instead, Nepal’s Counselor General in Kolkotta conveyed statement to West Bengal’s Government.17
Land has been kept haughtily by India as done by Iraq to the case of Kuwait calling it its 19th state. One needs to analyse the history of Nepal and India and the treaties and understandings held between the two countries to understand how the above- mentioned land absorbed by India belongs to Nepal.
Nepal has abundant historical evidences to claim greater Nepal. For instance, in 1959, Mr. Nehru, the former Prime Minister of India, paid his visit to Nepal and agreed to amend trade treaty of 1950. He also agreed to remove Indian check post from Nepal. Nehru quotes, “Dehradun, Kumau and Nainital, Simla are the territories of Nepal which were once captured by the British.” Author E.C. Kojl in “Brief Dictionary of Darjeeling” writes, “All these territories belonged to Nepal.18
British-India forced Nepal to sign the Sugauli Treaty, fearing that hill area war trained Nepali troops would expand their kingdom from the Brahmaputra River in the east to Pamir in the west. The objective of the Sugauli Treaty was to discourage Nepalis to make war so that they could not expand their kingdom the east of Tista and the west of Satlaj.
The Section 8 of the 1950 treaty has cancelled all the treaties, letters, and letter of agreement before the Sugauli Treaty. The dismissal of this treaty suggests that the territory before the Sugauli Treaty customarily belongs to Nepal.
The British signed the Sugauli Treaty evasively to prevent Nepal from galvanizing Sikkim, Assam and other states. The section 6 shows that the eastern border of Nepal is the Tista River before or after the agreement on the Sugauli Treaty. The Section 6 was included in the treaty to preserve Sikkim from the encroachment of Nepal.
The Titaliya Treaty between East India Company and Sikkim, the letters of treaty between British-India and Nepal regarding the return of the western Terai have justified that Darjeeling is inseparable area of Nepal. Similarly, the treaty held between East India Company and Bhutan on April 4, 1779 and the latest treaty of August 8, 1849 also justify that the territory from Mechi to Tisti lies in Nepal. Hence, Indian in accordance with the Article 1 (3) (C) of its constitution had not included this area including Darjeeling in India.
The 1947’s Darjeeling Committee of the then Unified Indian Communist Party (ICP) had provided the Indian Constitutional Assembly with the decision of constituting independent ‘Gorkhasthan Nation’ by integrating Darjeeling, and Sikkim in Nepal. This document elucidates the article 1 and 8 of the above-mentioned 1950 Peace Treaty.
The Section 2 of the treaty India should have gradually returned the lost territory to Nepal. The section says, “The British Government declares that the whole low lands lying between Gorakhpur district and the Rapti River, and the whole low lands lying between the Kali and the Rapti river belonging to the Rajahs of Nepal prior to the Sugauli treaty and later to the British Government will be returned to be the sovereignty of the Royal of Nepal”. India had made decision to return the territories to Nepal on November 1, 1860. The Sugauli Treaty was not ratified even after the ratification of the treaty with Sikkim. Without the ratification of the understandings and treaties held are naturally invalid. India’s not giving validity to every treaty without ratification but the Sugawli Treaty is itself paradoxical.
The Section (8) of 1950 amity and peace treaty nullified the Sugauli Treaty. Therefore, Nepal has right over Darjeeling and other lost territories before the Sugauli Treaty whether there had been the Section 8 of 1950’s treaty or the treaty itself.
The lost territories of Nepal were on lease as to the case of Britain, which as had taken Hongkong on lease with China. The phrase ‘in perpetuity’ was mentioned in the Hongkong Treaty signed between Britain and China. The term ‘in perpetuity’ is also included in the Sugauli Treaty. It gives the sense of the expiry of the treaty between two agreed countries after one hundred years.
Company Government had promised to pay yearly a tributes of two lakh rupees in return for the land taken on lease in accordance with the Section (4) of the Treaty. According to the section 9 of the same treaty, India in perpetuity gave the possession of its Praganna district (Now called Vijayapur district) to Nepal; India took back the territory, taken under the same provision.
The chief motive of signing treaty between Nepal and UK on October 30, 1950 A.D. was to give back the Nepali territory annexed into India. It is written on the preface that the Kathmandu Treaty of December 21, 1823 is not applicable because of the recent establishment of the two independent states India and Pakistan. Both Nepal and Britain signed new treaty and agreed on the following section.19
Therefore, the proposal of the restoration of greater Nepal is neither new nor unusual nor against international laws, treaties and agreements. In addition, the undecided question of greater Nepal is necessary to analyze and identify the absurdities created by open border.
The attitude issues
1. India wants to keep the immediate neighbouring countries under its influence and lordship to show that it is a powerful nation. It wants the neighbouring countries to vote on behalf of India in every international forum and organization, including UN. But Nepal wants to free itself from the lordship, suppression and neo-colonial domination of India, and to consolidate its sovereignty, and to restore position existed before the Sugauli Treaty. India also wants to keep Nepal under its military nexus and defence strategy. But Nepal denies remaining under that shade and strategy. Nepal wills to protect and formulate its own defence strategy.
2. Like Nepal, the present India is the unification of dozens of small free and independent kingdoms and principalities. The English people, having entered India founded a greater India by integrating those small kingdoms and principalities. In this sense, India is highly indebted to the British. Besides, the British-India, frequently waged war to absorb Nepal. However, they had to bear defeat in every war. India even after the abandonment of the British did not abdicate its colonial activities. Consequently, Goa, Daman, Dyuk, Hydrabad, Zammu, Kasmir and Sikkim were annexed in India. Fortunately, Bangladesh became an independent nation. Bhutan has been semi-colonized. Because of India’s colonial trend, it views Nepal negatively.
3. India, born in 1947, quite younger to Nepal intends to treat Nepal as a big brother, treat Nepal as its handmaid, tame Nepal by imposing blockade unilaterally so on so forth. Indian behavior shows Nepal as the tributary state of India. Nepal totally denies and hates this bureaucratic attitude of India. India wants to sympathize Nepal, whereas Nepal wants to establish its right.
4. Nepal wants to keep India and China in equal distance, and to treat both the countries equally. India wants to keep an uneven distance with Nepal that is special proximity.
5. Bhutan, though, is an independent, sovereign and monarchical country; the people in there who demanded their democratic rights had to tolerate subjugation, oppression, exploitation and torture. When the Bhutanese Nepali found their lives in risk, they entered India for political refuge. However, India drove them towards Nepal in trucks. Autocracy Bhutan is getting protection from India. Because of strong stand of Nepal, it deployed force to quell it. In fact, Nepal has made better democratic exercise than Bhutan.20 India, by driving two lakh Bhutanese refuges (one on and one off the record) into Nepal, India did justice neither to Nepal nor to the Bhutanese refuges. Analysts view that Bhutan is next to Sikkim in the Indian grand design. Nepal denies such injustices.
6.India learned the art of colonization from Britain and it has been practicing the same old technique.
7. India transports cheap literature and films to Nepal that corrupt the habits of people, degrade morality and displace its own culture. Such things that come to Nepal freely not only degrade Nepali people but also transfer their wealth to India. These practices have been given encouragement by some Dorjians and protected by the Indian embassy.21
8. India wants to transfer its citizens to other SAARC countries in order to take relief from its over-population burden. It also wants to transport the homeless poor, illiterate and beggars to its neighboring nations. When there is no place to transfer Indian population, India puts electric barbed wire fence in its borders, and where there is still possibility of intrusion like in Nepal denies.
9.India suffering from colonial trend has got its Slave Mentality wants to impose upon Nepal. Because of such colonial trend, Nepal does not have back its lost territory from its grip so far.
10. India usually dishonours the sovereignty of Nepal and imposes its decisions on Nepal. India decides unilaterally be a matter of blockade, the deployment of military force or armed police or the arrest of any special persons in Nepal, border disputes, water loggings, barrages and dams construction can be taken as examples.
11. India, taking the advantage of sincere behaviour of Nepalis, misbehaves frequently. However, Nepali always views India as fellow nation.
12. Nepal Government gave some land on lease to India to construct Koshi Barrage at Sunsari district. But India did not return it even after the decades of expiry of lease date. Neither India closed the project office, nor did it return the land. Neither had it signed any agreement, nor did it get the project renewed.
13. India built the Koshi, Gandaki, Mahakali Barrages only for its benefit. If the dams had been constructed inside foothills of Nepal sufficient electricity would have been produced. Moreover, the arable land of the Terai belt of Nepal would have been irrigated and Nepal would have controlled the main grid.
14. Because if its ill-will attitude only Indian encroach Nepali territory. It is one of the harassing factors to Nepal. While people were protesting against the encroachment of India by the bank of Mahakali River in the west, Indian surveyors erected border pillars in Bhadrapur Municipality in the east to harass. Thus, unlike China, India has not shown gentleness and positive attitude to its neighbouring countries. Though the Central government may not be involved directly in activities such as disappearing border pillar, encroachment of territories, inundation, water logging, and many other offences, but it never takes any effective step to stop these activities.
15.Nepal wanted to implement the system of work permit to its citizen India went against of that.22
16.The Bhutanese democratic leader Rongthong Kinley Dorjee, relating to Bhutanese refugees in Nepal, reached Delhi to make political compromise under the mediation of India. Meanwhile, the India Government apprehended and put him to jail against the norm of democracy and human rights dishonestly. While terrorist declared Maoists were mediated and asked them to treat as democratic political forces. Weaker should tolerate the injustices? Nepalis have to bear India’s domination because it is smaller in size and weaker in power.
17. Mechi and Mahakali people do not have place even for their last rites and for their pilgrimage. India has created turmoil all around borders. Every Nepali should be ready to dedicate their lives to prevent Nepal from the encroachment of India. Thus, India has hurt the self-respect of Nepali people.
The issue of Interferences
Nepal has been subjected to the incessant interference of India right after the 1950’s amity treaty between these two countries. It will be impossible for Nepalis people to have their economic and social prosperity, make their own plans and decisions themselves by preserving their sovereignty.
1.India had already blocked the border for two times in the past. A political change was imposed into Nepal. The agreement made on the 10th June of 1990, interim government grabs economic, employment powers. An assault on Chinese technician in 1998, and the Baneshwor episode illustrate the direct interferences of India in Nepal.
2. Nepal intends to establish its own distinct identity by thriving national integrity and prosperity. On the contrary, India wants to assimilate Nepal in its rituals and culture. In this way, it puts many obstacles to deprive Nepal from being united.
3. Nepal wants to prosper its democratic culture. But India remains remission to it. That democratic system of India is to keep Nepal under its grip. For India, Bhutan is a democratic country having human rights and freedom of press (where no private press is r registered) while Nepal, Bangladesh and Pakistan has not, because India says so.
4. Nepal believes that the responsibility of a country with seaport facility is to provide landlocked country with easy access to the nearest seacoast. Unfortunately, India stands against it.
5. Nepal wants to trade the needed arms and ammunitions as other miscellaneous objects. But India expresses repugnance against this strategy.
6. Nepal is the country having various castes, complexions, religions and cultures. The amalgamation of all has constructed the Nepali nationality under the aegis of crown. Nepal is happy under its own condition but India is trying to give rise of communal tension by instigating the people of different regions and ethnic groups.
7.India shows its domineering behaviour to all its immediate neighbouring countries. For instance, during the informal visit of the Chief of Indian Army Shree Bipinchandra Joshi to Bangladesh, two aircrafts of Indian army had illegally and forcibly entered in the Lal Munighat area of Bangladesh.23 Likewise, Indian army had also forcibly entered in Sri Lanka and Maldives, and not to mention about Sikkim.
2.Political game plan (Interference):
1. RAW has taken its roots in Nepal by taking advantage of open border. The activity of this organization can be seen in Nepali politics and administration. Nepal’s political leaders think that they cannot reach power without the support the RAW. Because of open border, Indians freely enter Nepal and acquire citizenship. This situation will result in minority of Nepali people in near future. While Sitaram Yachury/other Indian nationals were welcome as the head of the nation in Nepal’s decade old non-elected parliament in April 2006, at the same time the so-called SPA had prohibited the MPs of the same category to inter the parliament because India said so. So was done by Mr.Chandra Shekhar and Swami Subrmandyam in the 1990 political change.
2. India citizens in some cases should take prior permission to move from one state to another. However, Indian police and army men in uniform and armaments forcibly enter Nepal, violating the norms of a sovereign nation.
3.Bullying and harassing are being done everywhere. The buffalo entering into the pond by breaking the peace of freely swimming frogs does not realize how risky it is for them to preserve their lives from its intrusion. Does the buffalo know how many frogs are trapped, and crushed? Whenever the frogs raise their voices for their fundamental rights and security at their disposal,” might is right” principle will be applied against them.
4. On 1976, Nepal proposed to declare it as the peace zone nation having seven responsibilities and approving by 116 countries of the world, India’s disapproval till now signifies that India does not want to free Nepal from its defence policy. Nepal is under total influence of India after the restoration of multi party democracy. The more a country has influence of another country, the further its basic right, independence and democracy wane.
5.India intends a conspiracy to keep Nepal under its control in terms of trade and military influence.24
3.Interference on Economics
1. Nepal takes trade and transit as two different entities. Transit is a fundamental right of Nepal, whereas trade depends on bilateral understanding. When India denied agreeing on two treaties, Nepal decided to sign only the transit treaty. Again, after seven years in 2001 and 2006, Nepal was forced to merge the two different treaties into one. It also forced Nepal to include the issues of defence and water-resource unnecessarily.
2.By every means, India wants to solely establish its monopoly of its low quality products in Nepali market. Indians also prevent Nepali products from entering India, thus making always trade deficit. On the contrary, Nepal desires to select the quality products from world market freely. Nepal denies becoming the part of India’s self-vested protection strategy. Nepal aims to extend its trade freely all over the world. Nepal wants to diversify its trade in full-fledged. Nepal wants to practice its trade as the Most Favoured Nation (MFN). Nepal wants a complete abolishment of Indian monopoly
3. Being a landlocked country, Nepal wants to freely use the land route up to the seacoast, wills to make the use of Nepal railway, sea route and roadway according to the international law. It also intends to make the use of alternative way. Nepal takes transit and transportation as its right, whereas India as its blessing.
4. Penetration of Indian citizenin Nepal is very high. For them Nepal is like going to Honkong or USA. India wants to freely thrust its millions low level population into Nepal. Further, it intends to encumber Nepal. The amendments were made on foreign employment policy, Citizenship Act and Labour Act on Indian pressure. This tendency ultimately serves to open avenue in order to send its citizens to Nepal. In 1961 A.D., 3, 24,159 Indian dwelt25 in Nepal. After twenty years, in 1980, the population reached to 38,00,000 (as per P.V. Narsingh Rao). Among them, 23, 87,973 have already received the Nepali citizenship.26 In that condition, Indians will occupy majority in the parliament if Nepal could not be alert. Nepal has foiled non-Nepalis from purchasing fixed property. If Nepal concedes on this issue, whole of hills of Nepal will turn into a Summer Palace for rich Indians, politicians and industrialists within 20 years from now. As a result, Nepalis will be displaced in their own home country. India’s strategy to keep Nepal always under destitution has resulted from its long-term vision.
5.If trade diversification is a one leg for a sovereign country, its other leg will be the internal economic and political freedom. Hence, Nepal feels the main cause for Nepal’s underdevelopment ness is India
6.When Nepal starts some projects to be done through global tenders India objects (e.g. Birganj dry port, Mahendra High way) resulting delays for a decade. And spoiling relationship with other countries.27Smuggling and black market of India has been great hindrance for the economic prosperity of Nepal.
4.Interference on Natural resources
1. Nepal has the largest water-resource in Asia and second largest in the world. Nepal takes more than 6000 rivers as a reliable and continuous source for its future generations. Nepal wants to possess this resource permanently as its treasure. India wants to appropriate this resource into its possession before Nepal becomes able to produce, utilize and sell it. India’s main reason of falling an evil eye on Nepal’s defence is its water resource. Nepal wants to preserve its water resource from any possible harm.
After 50 years from now India’s problem of energy and foodstuff will heighten. India has to increase its food grain capacity from 1633 hundred thousand tons to 3750 hundred thousand tons. For this purpose, irrigation is necessary. Out of 1333 hundred hectare land, only 862 hundred thousand land around the Ganges River is possible for irrigation. Only Nepal’s water resource can fulfil the need. And Nepal will agree only if India becomes ready to buy water and electricity.28
1.Smashing and grabbing
1. Transit Facilities that a land locked country should get is limited. herefore, Nepal has undergone a complex situation both in industry and business sectors. If it gets facilities as per the international norms, Nepali trade/industry will boost up. India should not try to make Nepal dependent on India by imposing conditions on Nepal. Albania is also surviving like other nations even without keeping relations with rest of the world. Israel is a small country, which has been involved in war for 200 years and is surrounded by enemies on all sides. However, it has been successful in living with dignity. Maldives does not promote tourism but still it has found a way to survive.29 Japan has developed tremendously without having natural resources and fertile land. Why cannot Nepal be a prosperous country in the world?
2. It has become easy to import Indian goods in Nepal by evading custom tax30 from several custom points in all the places of border areas.
3. Telling a lie is a crime. Creating havoc in the economic life of Nepali people, keeping such clumsy attitude and telling one lie after another doesn’t suit to a large and prosperous nation like India.
4. Nepal has to be free from economic trap of India by adopting most favored trade policy; using Chitgaon, Honkong and Karachi seaports through connecting underground road to Bangladesh and Tibet railroad and supplying cheap hydroelectricity to it; making Chitgaoun seaport simple and effective.
5.India is a Hindrance in the growth of Nepal’s Economy. Because of India Kankai high dam, Karnali hydro project, Sikta project, Arun three, West Seti, Budhi Gandaki projects were failed. Had these projects been completed, there would have been no shortage of electricity for two decades, and the economic standard would have been doubled.
6. Nepali industries and trade are ruined because of India’s monopoly market. Nepalis are deprived of consuming quality products at moderate price and of dealing with competitive business in the world market, resulting in the poverty of Nepal. Thus, Nepal can never progress unless an open economy is established and dependency on India is avoided. If the price of goods goes down in Nepali market, Indians, like ants, carry goods on bicycle/heads and make shortage in Nepal, if the price goes high, becomes vice versa; thus failing Nepali industry and commerce.
2.Weaknesses of Nepal: the Dorjian attitudes:
Nepali leaders suffer from poor mentality that they cannot have access to the power if they disappoint India. They are dumfounded and tacit even by witnessing the interference of India over Nepali economy, nationality and territory as if a python is swallowing its prey.
His Majesty’s Government of Nepal never shows its firm stand for the preservations of nation and has failed to study deeply border area and analyze the problems resulted from it.
Nowadays, political parties give the subjective interpretation of the nationality, not taking it from objective point of view. Their vested interest is higher than the national ones. Fractions in parties, political instability, political liquidity and conflicts are due to Indian interests. The roles exposed in 1st April 1990 by S.K. Singh and on April 20, 2006 by Shyam Saran are the glaring example as intended by the South Block. Therefore, Nepali bureaucrats and political leaders must learn nationalism from Indians despite being bland followers of them.
Now, we must avoid geo-constraints proverb; impart knowledge to be a Patriotic Nepali learning nationalism from Indians that non-nationalistic be supposed uncivilized, rudeness and undemocratic characteristics. Open border System be discontinued; the encroachments be controlled; administrators be alert and dedicated to nation’s interest; do always democratic practices; apply equal-distance & equal behavior policy to neighbors. Develop a Shade Free Development; avoid Indian Political Interests in the internal matters of Nepal; Pressurize to change Indian attitude; deal perfectly for the returnable territory and above all realize ‘United we stand divided we fall’. Now, start telling untold stories to the remaining world. Let them share our troubles and gain sympathies as well.
Arrange to get Transit Facilities from different ports of India, Bangladesh, Pakistan and People’s Republic of China. Conduct air-cargo services between Nepal’s Bhadrapur to the border of Bangladesh/Chatgaun.
Nepal, the country of Buddha, must be turned into peace centre by the approval of India to the peace zone proposal of it, already accepted by 116 countries. India should have compulsorily compensated the flood-affected area of Nepal and stop for further detritions. RAW nullifies every scheme of Nepal that intends to raise economic growth, exploit natural resources and uplift lifestyles of Nepali people. But straight forwarders and honesty are beneficial for the development of our country. Nepal expects change in attitude of dividing Nepali into places, castes, languages, gender, religion and property by using every trick through ‘RAW’. All Nepalese people too should unite in the matter of nationality.